Tuesday, December 3, 2019

Tesla, Uber & Amazon: The Gig Economy meets the Gilded Age

What do Tesla, Uber, Amazon, Lyft, Instacart, and DoorDash have in common? They’re great to buy from, but you probably wouldn’t want to work for them as an independent contractor or employee.

We love the perks — Tesla’s fun-to-drive electric cars, belonging to Amazon Prime, cheap fare Uber and Lyft rides, having the annoyances of grocery shopping taken away by Instacart, and tapping into other efficient, affordable gig economy services. But we usually don’t like working for them — just ask around and search the internet.

Case in point:  An engineer working for Elon Musk’s SpaceX intergalactic travel company told me about the intensely demanding, stressful long hours he has to work. While Musk is still an icon for him as a pioneer in space flights and electric cars, he doesn’t see himself able to live that way for very long. As we’ve heard about from executives leaving Tesla, Musk expects employees to give their lives to the cause.

Another one:  A woman working for Amazon told me about attempting to be reclassified from a part-time employee to full-time employee with benefits. She and her Amazon co-workers are expected to work extra hours and take on extra duties. But she’d received a company letter detailing, once again, why she didn’t make it to full-time status with medical coverage and other benefits. Like working for other prominent, well publicized tech employers, what at first seemed like a wonderful career opportunity can go upside down.

For independent contractors working for Uber and the big wave of mobile app-based startups since then, the initial motivating factors behind doing this kind of work have been waning for the past two years.

A few key developments have been taking shape..…..
—For those employed, it can mean unrelenting demand, excessive hours, and a lifestyle not worth what they’re being paid. It might look good on their resumes, and perk up ears during socials, but the cost can be very high.
—Many are stuck working under 30 hours a week and are given other limitations that keep them out of the class of employees who can receive medical coverage, retirement, training, and other employee benefits.
—Pay has been going down from the mobile-app companies, after initially having been strong through attractive incentives and good pay for joining up with them; and bringing in a few other drivers/shoppers/delivery drivers as referrals.
—California’s labor law enacted in September, AB 5, is being carefully watched by affected companies, labor lawyers, unions, and workers. So far, only one company — Deliv, a Menlo Park, Calif-based, same-day delivery service — has enacted a new system transitioning over from independent contractors to employees only. All the others seem to be ignoring it when it comes to communications with their independent contractors even though the law takes effect in less than a month; and it looks as though they’re preparing to fight.

Companies like Uber initially looked like a new, hip, innovative business model that gained wows in recent years from Silicon Valley, Wall Street, and media coverage. Except for Amazon and its soaring stock prices and power in the marketplace, the P&L statements haven’t looked so good for these gig economy leaders. These companies and many other startups, tracked by TechCrunch and a few competitor media sources, are still finding angel and institutional investors and IPOs, even though profits are eluding most all of them.

What we see is what might be called the New Economy, Gig Economy, or Tech Revolution — it does look like an historic, seismic movement that will alter the future. But it’s also an old classic — a lot like the Gilded Age, when tycoons in railroads, steel companies, oil giants, coal mining, banking, and electric utilities, mistreated workers and carried out quite a lot of cutthroat tactics to take their competitors out of the market. That movement would continue into the first few decades of the auto industry, led by Henry Ford.

Ford and other icons of what Mark Twain labelled the “Gilded Age,” such as John D. Rockefeller, Andrew Carnegie, and J.P.. Morgan, have been credited with leading the American economy to a new phase — whether they be labelled captains of industry or robber barons.

What's the Gilded Age?
Historians differ on defining when the Gilded Age took place, with the widest swath being the end of the Civil War to the beginning of World War I. These were the days when the American economy took off, and where inventors like Thomas Edison, Alexander Graham Bell, Nikola Tesla, and Samuel Morse created much of the technology that would thrust the economy and culture forward. Yet business titans became legendary symbols of the age — inspiring immigrants to come here for jobs and a better life, finding the needed capital and government support, and innovation and drive to move new technologies forward.

It’s becoming easier to find a comparison made to the Gilded Age to what we’re living in now. Tesla and SpaceX CEO Elon Musk and his adventures; Amazon’s Jeff Bezos and his divorce and net worth; Uber co-founder Travis Kalnick and his downfall and boiler room practices. But these men have been among the new leaders of the fast-changing economy — driven by technology innovation, globalization, and a drive to find the needed capital and mass-market customer support to continue growing and make board members, the general public, and governments, happy to have them.

Bill Gates is considered to have played a role in the current state of affairs. By the 1990s, Microsoft became known as the the tech giant where some employees were given millions of dollars in payouts to retire at age 35; but then for all the managers, engineers, and software designers who followed — it’s been a steep hill to climb. On the competitive front, Gates was known for the old style of buying out startups and driving other companies out of the market. And like many of the magnates from the Gilded Age, giving millions in donations to good causes though the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation is reminiscent of the Carnegie and Rockefeller foundations.

I’ve been asked quite a few times about my experiences working as an independent contractor for Uber, Lyft, Instacart, and other mobile app, on-demand employers. The person making the inquiry usually has much fascination and enthusiasm about the subject matter. The story has changed over time. Those of us doing gig work — giving rides in our cars to individuals and to two-or-more customers sharing trips, delivering meals, picking up electronics and other products for delivery, and grocery shopping and dropping the bags off — usually see the following scenario. You’ll start out going a few months doing great in customer ratings, learning how to use the company’s mobile app efficiently, and seeing some decent-to-very-good pay in your weekly electronic funds transfer.

Then it starts to change, with expectations rising and pay diminishing. You’re told that the company needs to change the pay structure so that customers aren’t feeling overcharged; that the company needs to see a reasonable return as it pushes forward toward profit; and that drivers/deliverers/shoppers are being carefully listened to by management.

It’s a sad story. Customers can be fickle, hard to please, and can quickly go elsewhere; the company is far from making any real profit; and nearly all independent contractors are far away from making a living at it.

These employers make up a limited share of the US economy. Most employers still follow the traditional model for full-time employees — hourly pay or salary, medical benefits, insurance, vacation and sick pay, and retirement funds; sometimes there’s more including coverage for professional training. Benefits have been cut back since the 1980s, and occasionally something tragic occurs when a retirement fund pool vanishes; but most Americans work in decent jobs. The problem is that the part-time job trend continues to grow, and more industries are looking at independent contractors to increase their profits.

I’ve heard good things about working for some of the automakers, car rental companies, fleet management companies, battery makers, charging and fueling infrastructure suppliers, auto parts makers, and electronics companies. Good things have been said  and written about working for UPS, Cisco, Intuit, USAA, CarMax, Farmers Insurance, Fedex, Patagonia, and many other companies; and most people I’ve spoken to have liked working in government and nonprofit jobs. However, for most of us, ending up in good paying, stable, satisfying, and rewarding jobs is harder to come by today than it was a quarter century ago.

Legal struggles on the horizon
The legal and regulatory structure is expected to determine some of the outcome of these workplace developments, though it’s still in an early phase. California’s AB 5 limits the use of classifying workers as independent contractors rather than employees for employer in the state. Employees are entitled to greater labor protections, such as minimum wage laws, sick leave, and unemployment and workers' compensation benefits, which do not apply to independent contractors. Along with the law that went into effect in September, there were previously signifiant court rulings on the matter — with the Dynamex Operations v. Superior Court ruling by the California Supreme Court in 2018 setting much of the legal structure for AB 5.

Attorney Shannon Liss-Riordan has filed quite a few class-action lawsuits to increase benefits for gig-economy workers with many of them aimed at Uber, one of which ended with a settlement earlier this year. She’s also taken on Fedex and Starbucks in similar labor trials. Even before Gov. Gavin Newsom signed the bill into law, Liss-Riordan filed McCray v. Uber Technologies Inc., 19-cv-5723, U.S. District Court, Northern District of California (San Francisco), which has yet to be set for a trial date. It uses AB 5 as the legal foundation for the arguments made in the court filing.

She’ll be heading for Washington the fight the cause, running for US Senator in Massachusetts for the 2020 election. “This is why I’m running for the U.S. Senate,” Liss-Riordan said. “People are sleeping in their car. Corporations are trampling on rights and working people need a voice. That’s why I’m running. This needs to be nationwide.”

Uber’s chief legal officer, Tony West, responded to the court filing by saying that his company would carry on the legal fight in defense of its position that drivers are contractors. Uber will continue to argue that its core business is technology, not transportation, meaning that its drivers won’t qualify as employees under the law’s new criteria. Uber and many other ride-hailing and mobile app companies are remaining quiet with their independent contractors and the public on what exactly they’re going to do. As reported earlier in GAM, they are putting a lot of money into funding a counter measure as a ballot proposition they hope will get on California’s 2020 election ballot.

The California Trucking Association filed suit in November in the San Diego federal court. The new California law violates federal law and would deprive more than 70,000 independent truckers of their ability to work, the association said. Many would have to abandon $150,000 investments in clean trucks and the right to set their own schedules in order for companies to comply with a law it says illegally infringes on interstate commerce. The trucking industry has depended heavily on independent contractor truckers over the past decade or so.

What will Jeff Bezos’ Amazon do about the new California law — and the prospect of other states adopting it? The company has kept mum about it, though it will be affected. One Amazon employee told me that the company seems to follow an 80/20 rule — 80 percent employees versus 20 percent independent contractors. The independent contractors would come mainly from its Amazon Flex subsidiary, where they drive their own cars to deliver packages from the multitude of Amazon storage warehouses going up around the country.

Earlier this year, a lawsuit was filed accusing Amazon.com Inc. of misclassifying drivers as independent contractors. On May 20, the company argued that it should be sent to arbitration. Sean Hoyt Jr. had been a driver for Amazon Flex, the filed suit claiming that the company has been misclassifying drivers, circumvented California employment law, failed to properly pay the drivers overtime wages, failed to reimburse the drivers for business expenses, and withheld meal and rest breaks. His attorney, Oakland-based Steven Tindall with the Gibbs Law Group, thinks that AB 5 will help make the case. “It will make it plainly illegal what they are doing,” he said.

Amazon is pretty much guaranteed to survive these trying times. Tesla has never had a profitable year, though a few quarterlies have met the mark; and Musk’s SpaceX is looking viable, though being a privately held company makes it trickier to study its financials.

As for the other companies — Uber, Lyft, DoorDash, Postmates, Instacart, Airbnb, Amazon Flex, Hopskipdrive, Gett, Getaround, and other mobile apps — their future is very much in question. Uber and Lyft have gone public and their latest quarterly statements aren’t showing signs of improved financial conditions coming up anytime soon; nor do financial analysts expect that happen in the near future.

Will some of them be bought out or find a major investor, like Gett was by Volkswagen? Will Amazon acquire them? Will they be bought out and have their shuttlers closed and customer lists absorbed? Will they be sunk by debt and class-action lawsuits? Most likely we’ll see fewer of them around in the next few years.

One of the most followed mobile app startups has been WeWork, which has established office locations in major cities for workers to rent space, tap into its resources, and socialize with peers instead of staying stuck and isolated at home. Not long ago, WeWork’s initial public offering flopped. It’s primary investor, SoftBank Group of Japan, through its Vision Fund, lost a staggering $4.5 billion.

SoftBank Group has been very important for funding and supporting the future of mobility. It’s tightening the reins, and many other companies and investor groups are becoming more cautious about backing Elon Musk, Uber, and the next big thing. Governments want to have their say in the matter — especially when it comes to lost tax revenue they say they’re owed. They’ll be watching whether AB 5 sticks and if it should be brought over to their jurisdictions.

Saturday, November 16, 2019

Shhhhh........ Don’t tell anyone these 10 secret gems about Long Beach!

What do you think about the city of Long Beach? Not Long Beach, New York, or Long Beach, Washington.

I’m talking about the California city just shy of a half million residents — located in LA county approximately between the Los Angeles River on the west side and the San Gabriel River on the east side, the harbor on the south side, and Lakewood and Paramount on the north side of town. And the city of Signal Hill right at its center.

Visitors can get thrown off by quirky parts of the city, like a south facing beach with no waves; islands off the shore with hip ‘60s office buildings that are actually covering up oil wells; another city right in the center that can make driving directions confusing; the traffic circle that can feel endless; the Los Coyotes Diagonal that can easily lead to choosing the wrong street to turn on; and a juxtaposition of building styles and history, many times right next door to each other.

Some people still have old and inaccurate ideas of LB being a rundown, dangerous place you don’t want to go to at night. You might hear a story about somebody who used to work downtown and had to be escorted to their car after dark. Older folk will tell you about the once grand Pike amusement park grounds later on becoming overtaken by rough characters you wouldn’t want your kids to be near.

You might hear a mention of the Queen Mary as well. Everybody mentions the Queen Mary, and sometimes jokingly as if it were the only thing notable about Long Beach.

Then there are those who see LB as an alternative to moving to LA — a cool town with a lot of history, places to go, and a good one for hanging out with friends. Many young people have been moving in to the downtown and other neighborhoods in recent years, and taking jobs at growing employers like Molina Healthcare.

I have mixed feelings about Long Beach becoming an appealing place to live. I love my city for 10 reasons, and i don’t want to see it overwhelmed with traffic and long lines everywhere I want to go.

These attractive attributes are almost like secrets for most people who have little-to-no experience in the city. They might get a puzzled, annoyed look on their face after being invited here for a party, concert, work event, or to look at houses available for sale. Their one stop in LB years ago didn’t impress them; or they went nuts looking for a parking space.

Here’s 10 reasons why it’s been my favorite place to live………….

No. 1—There’s plenty to do — and it ain’t all about the Queen Mary!

Have breakfast at one of the old local favorites like Eggs Etc. on Redondo Ave. or the original Potholder on Broadway. Later that day, what about tap beer and pickled eggs at Joe Jost’s on Anaheim St.?

Go see a classic comedian do social commentary at the Karen Carpenter Center on the Cal State Long Beach campus, or a set of comics doing stand up at Laugh Factory on Pine Ave. Or get tickets to see a great band play at the Long Beach Arena or Terrace Theater.

Plan ahead for special events, like taking a night-time walking tour of Naples in December to see the holiday decorations lighting up the neighborhood houses on a few of the canals. You can start earlier that month watching (or taking a boat ride) in the Naples boat parade.

Tour Bixby Knolls, a popular and thriving part of town with plenty to see and do. Go see mansions on Ocean Blvd, and 1st Street. You’ll be quite impressed. Look for Buddhist monks in orange robes walking from their meditation grounds at the corner of Redondo and Ocean, which used to be a Catholic monastery.

Plenty more to do. You’re going to have fun, and I can guarantee it.

No. 2—It’s got the look and feel of San Francisco, LA, Santa Monica, and Pasadena, but in a smaller, more accessible setting.

You get to see old classic homes — Craftsman bungalow, Spanish style, Victorian, Tudor, ranch style, and modern/contemporary houses and apartment buildings from the ‘50s and ‘60s. Go downtown to see a few of the classic old ones left (including one being restored at Pine and Ocean, where my grandfather had an office in the 1930s). LB also has the classic post-war suburban neighborhoods of the ‘50s and ‘60s with much of it restored and upgraded.

Certainly, some of the history is being paved over by waves of new buildings downtown and other sections of town to house 20-to-30-year olds who want to live in a city other than LA. But the history is still here, and many of us want to see it preserved (a shout out to old friend, architect Mike Bohn, and Long Beach Heritage).

A good chunk of LB’s land (42,160 acres total) is filled with suburban neighborhoods and shopping centers (such as the brand new 2nd & PCH). It’s not all about living the city life. I’ve been living in a 1,450 square-foot house (originally built in 1952) in the Los Altos neighborhood for years.

I do get a kick out of the fact that within a few minutes of driving, I can be downtown; or over in Bixby Knolls seeing how much it’s being restored; or down on 2nd St. in Belmont Shore eating at Supermex or one of the new joints; or hiking up on Signal Hill and getting a good look at the panorama on a clear day. But I’m not stuck in a crowded city with little freedom of mobility, which is the case in many sections of the Southland these days.

No. 3—It’s a convenient center point for the best of SoCal, places that aren’t that far away.

For me, that would include South Bay cities like Hermosa Beach and Redondo Beach, parts of LA, Santa Monica, San Pedro, Palos Verdes Peninsula, Seal Beach, Huntington Beach, and more.

You get a broad spectrum of places to look for a job. Of course, there’s always the commute.

It’s a springboard for the Southland. You can jump in your car and see just about anything you can think of within two hours — desert, beaches, mountains, hill country, historic neighborhoods, the latest in modern condo complexes, elite neighborhoods, and some of the poorest and toughest ones in the nation.

It’s been great to see some of those rundown areas being improved and quality of life getting better. LB has benefited from that trend in recent years, where you would be amazed to see neighborhoods and public spaces looking quite different than they did a quarter century ago. That includes the downtown and west side of the city. More needs to be done, but it’s amazing to see the improvements.

For cool places to see in the distance and go visit, don’t forget Catalina Island.

No. 4—Being yourself is important for a lot of people living in LB. That could mean having a lot of tattoos and piercings, or clothing that is unique to that person and could offend someone else; or at least raise eyebrows. Or just being a regular human being not trying to impress everyone, wearing no makeup and casual clothes. Why waste your time and money, when you can chill out, be yourself, and have a really good time here?

LB features a true mix of lifestyles, race, ethnicity, religions, sexual orientation, income levels, ages, and philosophies. There’s a real feeling of openness and personal freedom in Long Beach. You’re probably not going to get ridiculed or glared at.

People are pretty much for real in LB. This is not Hollywood, or Newport Beach, or many other glamorous cities nearby. When you go out, you'll see people looking real.

Certainly there are stories here involving the famous, such as Nick Cage living in a house secretly hidden away in town. Or you may have stood in front of Ted Danson at a coffeehouse. Or you may have been driving your car down Ocean Blvd. and smiled at Matt Damon driving his car. You may see a famous musician trying out a new song or two at Alex’s Bar, or other clubs that have opened up in recent years.

But the reality is that it’s not about spotting celebrities or beautiful people here. You will see a few people trying to get rich and famous here. But for most of us living in LB, we do seem to appreciate that it's what you might describe as authentic. We're not trying to impress each other.

No. 5—History. Remember, it ain’t all about the Queen Mary. No, the history is richer and even more interesting. Let’s look at a few of those tales……….

The Pike was THE amusement zone at that time — years before the Santa Monica Pier opened its amusement park. The Pike was founded in 1902 as an amusement park and arcade. It was located along the shoreline of Long Beach just south of Ocean Boulevard next to the downtown; along with other locally owned arcades, food stands, gift shops, rides, and a grand bath house called The Plunge. The dual-track Cyclone Racer opened in 1930 and was ridden by more than 30 million people during its 38-year run.

There are some amazing photographs to view if you’re interested in what it used to look like; and you can visit some of the parkland by going to the Pike Outlets, which has a Ferris wheel that seems to pay tribute to the classic park.

After World War II, it was expanded and renamed Nu-Pike. The amusement park did get seedy in the ‘60s and ‘70s. It was shut down in 1979, and became a place you didn’t want to go to in years prior — hookers, winos, drug dealers, and drunk sailors getting into knife fights.

There was also a downtown shopping mall, the Long Beach Plaza, that started in 1982 and had to be closed down in 1999. That section of town was deteriorating, along with other parts of LB. The decay and closing of the Pike, and later the mall, were symbolic of the downturn the city was going through overall — until the late 1980s, when Pine Ave. started being restored and revived.

Did you know that the motion picture industry started in Long Beach before moving over to Hollywood? In 1910, the California Motion Picture Manufacturing Company opened the first production plant, where it began making comedies and promotional films the following year. In 1913, Herbert Horkheimer purchased the studio to found Balboa Studios. From 1918 to 1923, Balboa Studios was the most productive independent studio in the world.

Balboa Studios was home to silent film stars such as Henry King, Buster Keaton, Fatty Arbuckle, Pearl White, Mabel Normand, and Slim (Pickens) Pickett. Charlie Chaplin visited the studios a number of times. Soon after World War I, Hollywood began taking off as the new capital city of the movie business. Long Beach (and Signal Hill) soon became the home of many oil derricks.

Movie star Fatty Arbuckle had a mansion on Ocean Blvd., at 1830 E. Ocean, now the Beach Villa Apartments. Arbuckle lived in a mansion-style house with horse stables at the cliff bottom. He ran his horses nightly along the coastline. He had a tunnel from his property to the ocean under neighboring homes. It measured about seven feet high and four feet wide.

In the summer of 1921, Roscoe “Fatty” Arbuckle was on top of the world. Paramount Pictures had paid him an unprecedented $3 million over three years to star in 18 silent films. Three widely publicized trials between November 1921 and April 1922 for the alleged rape and manslaughter of actress Virginia Rappe. The first two ended in hung juries, and Arbuckle was found not guilty in the third trial. It would destroy his career and his life, and he was never able to make it back to anywhere near that stardom.

Years later as World War II started, Long Beach became a major Navy base (which is where the breakwaters came from), quite a few oil drills pumped away in Signal Hill and offshore (as mentioned, those aren’t 1960s office buildings out there), and it became a town where retired farmers from Iowa might move.

I’ve been told in the ‘60s and early ‘70s, it was a stopover for those looking for cool places to hang out and have breakfast, protest the Vietnam War on campus at Cal State Long Beach, go see a rock back band at the Long Beach Arena (I know somebody who saw Stevie Wonder open there for the Rolling Stones in the early ‘70s), and party at a really cool old house or apartment building that had been built sometime around 1915.

Like other cities, things started changing in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Pine Avenue in downtown went through a restoration with addition of new clubs, restaurants, and a movie theater (that theater went away and got replaced with a much larger one further south on Pine near the ocean). There would be much more, but it was inspiring to see the downtown starting its revival — something that I saw happening about that time in Las Vegas, Phoenix, LA, and many other cities.

Alright, alright. How did the Queen Mary get here, you may be asking?

Well it started out as RMS Queen Mary, having come from England. The now-retired British ocean liner sailed primarily on the North Atlantic Ocean from 1936 to 1967 for the Cunard Line. The ship docked in Long Beach in late 1967, where she’s lived ever since.

No. 6—The weather. It’s rare to experience a bad weather day here..

Let’s hear what Weatherspark has to say about it:  “In Long Beach, the summers are short, warm, arid, and clear and the winters are long, cool, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 48°F to 82°F and is rarely below 42°F or above 91°F.”

How’s that sound?

No. 7— The get-around. LB has a top-10-in-the-U.S. ranked transit bus system, which includes both long and short rides on the routes. Bike lanes are going in all around the city. The train is good, too, though there are still a few glitches needing to be fixed. Speaking of the train, what used to be called the Blue Line starting in downtown LB and heading to downtown LA is now named the A Line. Want to go downtown and see the art deco Union Station and Olvera St., an age-old Mexican market square?

It’s a good city for getting an Uber or Lyft ride — it’s packed with drivers looking for extra income. I know, I’ve been one of them and have also taken Uber and Lyft rides. When you see how many drivers and cars are available nearby, you’ll be surprised; but you don’t have to wait very long to get picked up and taken to your destination.

Taking walks can be a real pleasure, and that includes in public parks all over town; or down at the beach along the bike path; or up Hill St. in Signal Hill if you need that kind of exercise; or the downtown Art Walk centered on Broadway near Atlantic.

If you drive your own car, you’d better have some good ideas on where you can park — or you’re going to be in a world of hurt. LB has a bad reputation based on finding a parking spot anywhere between Ocean and 7th St. Many a story, and I have a few of my own. For solutions, ask around (including me) if you want to know about a few good free parking lots you can find parking in.

No. 8—The mood is casual, open, and friendly.

Locals tend to be in a better mood in dealing with their fellow human beings than might be the reality in a lot of other cities. That helps a lot when you consider the broad spectrum of diversity, opinions, interests, and how we work and live.

The good mood also helps when the city can get crowded with sections shut down for the annual marathon, or LB Grand Prix, or other events and happenings. You probably won’t have somebody nearly hitting you with their car, then honking and screaming at you as if it were your fault.

The pressure that some people feel when in LA, especially if they’re trying to break into film, TV, music, or gaming, isn’t really here in Long Beach. You can relax and be yourself, and you’re not going to be shunned from a social group if you don’t become as talented, youthful, beautiful, and famous as they are (at least as much as they think and say they are).

No. 9—You’ll be pleasantly surprised by who and what you see. Once in a while you’ll see a crew shooting a new scene for a TV show or movie; or an historic building beautifully restored and open to the public; or that an old, decaying building was gutted and a bold new building has taken its place with beautiful gardening part of it.

Take a look at who will be performing soon at the Long Beach Arena, Terrance Theater, Carpenter Performing Arts Center, International City Theatre, or a long list of small clubs and coffeehouses spotlighting some real talent.

Surprises might include colorful local characters, and there are a few. You might see bike riders (and pedestrians) taking some big risks, apparently not looking both ways. I recently saw a man riding his bike on the 405 freeway. It was at night about three lanes in, with a car abruptly swerving out of the lane to not hit the young and crazy rebel.

No. 10—Know about the resources. Here are a few good ones…….
Read the Long Beach Post.
Read Tim Grobaty at the Long Beach Press-Telegram.
Look into Long Beach Animal Care Services on Spring if you have a pet who ran away, or if you need to give away one that’s been wreaking havoc in your home.
Have coffee at The Library or Portfolio Coffeehouse and bring your laptop or tablet, and tap into their WiFi internet access.
Drive up to the park at the top of Signal Hill on a clear day, and view fascinating places far, far away.
Get free parking at the Vons on Broadway and Atlantic. It’s very convenient, including on the 4th of July to see the Queen Mary fireworks show.
Go hiking at the El Dorado Nature Center.
Go on a walking tour with Long Beach Heritage.
See an events calendar (such as Eventbrite, or Visit Long Beach, or Downtown Long Beach Alliance) for interesting and lively ones coming to town. One of them will be Advanced Clean Transportation (ACT) Expo, which will celebrate its 10th anniversary May 11-14, 2020, at the Long Beach Convention Center. You’ll get to see the latest and coolest in electrified vehicles and clean fuels like renewable natural gas that fleets are using these days.

So now you know about the secret gems of LB. You’re invited to take a tour, and tell your friends. Just don’t come in busloads, and don’t even think about filling up more than one parking space!

Thursday, September 5, 2019

Eulogy for Margaret LeSage

My mother passed away on Thursday, August 29. You can get details on the funeral coming up Monday, Sept. 16. She'd just turned 101 on August 24, and sometimes it's still hard to believe she's gone. Here's a eulogy to her life, which I got her to proofread in an earlier version years ago; and which my sister Ellen and her husband Dennis added to last year for the 100th birthday party.

Margaret Ellen Foley was born on Saturday, August 24, 1918, in Gary, Indiana. A child of Irish
immigrants, Margaret (best known as Peg), was the second of five children. She was born after her sister, Marie, and before her brothers Timothy, Thomas, and Edmund.

At the time of Peg’s birth, her parents, Thomas Foley and Helen O’Neil, were living in Gary, Indiana where her father worked for Bethlehem Steel. Her mother moved back to Ireland in 1920 while her father stayed and worked in the U.S. as a labor organizer. Helen returned and met up with her husband Tom in South San Francisco, California, with their first three children, in 1925.

Both of Peg’s parents were from Ireland: her Mother from County Kerry, her father from County Cork. They met in Boston. They were married in Cambridge, Massachusetts on April 21, 1914.

The oldest child, Mary Elizabeth (known as Marie), was born in 1916 in Chicago. Tim was born in 1920 in County Kerry, Ireland. Tom was born in 1929 in Redondo Beach, California; and Ed was born in 1930 in Los Angeles.

Peg’s childhood was filled with moving to new homes and schools as her father’s job with Bethlehem Steel took them to different cities every couple of years. Those California towns included South San Francisco, Redondo Beach, Lynwood, Compton, and Pasadena. Peg and her siblings spent the longest period in Compton, where they developed several friendships while attending high school and junior college.

Peg graduated from an accelerated program that developed career skills at Woodbury College in Los Angeles. She would use her education for various jobs, including advertising duties at the Los Angeles Herald, a secretary at Consolidated Shipyard on Terminal Island, California, and as a newspaper reporter for the Greenville News in Greenville, South Carolina.

She met her husband, Armand LeSage, while working at Consolidated Shipyard in the early days of World War II. Her desk faced Armand’s, who worked as a draftsman on ship-building projects. Armand asked Peg out on dates a few time before she said yes. Being three years older than him, Peg thought at first that he was kidding. He wasn’t, and they went on their first date to The Pike amusement park in Long Beach. 

They were married on February 29, 1944, at Hammer Field, the Army Air Force base in Fresno, California. Armand left within hours for training prior to being sent to England to serve during WWII. Most of his service was spent in Sardinia and Corsica as a mechanic maintaining bombers that targeted Germany.

During their first year of marriage while Armand was overseas, Peg worked full time and lived with Armand’s mother, Johanna, and his brother Bill and sister Genette, in Long Beach. When Armand returned to the states, he was sent to the Greenville Army Air Base in South Carolina to train for duty in the South Pacific. Peg joined him in Greenville and found employment as a journalist.

They moved back to Long Beach, where Armand went to Long Beach City College to take engineering courses prior to transferring to a university. Peg worked until the birth of their first child, Paul, in November 1947. By that time, Armand had changed his plans from a career in engineering to working as a fireman for the Los Angeles Fire Department.

Their daughter Ellen would be born in November 1950. The family moved to Gardena shortly before Ellen was born and Paul was two and a half. The kids went to St. Anthony of Padua grammar school, and the family became active in the parish.

Her son Jon was born weeks before her 45th birthday in 1963. She and Armand were surprised to find out they’d be having another child as Paul and Ellen were close to turning 16 and 13

Peg and her family were able to enjoy vacations over the years, many times a year, in their truck and trailer. Favorite spots included Ensenada, Mexico; Pismo Beach, California; the Colorado River; and road trips to national parks in the Western U.S. and Canada. Years later, she was able to take international trips with friends to the Fiji Islands and Australia, and several European countries that included a visit to the historic Catholic parish, Medjugorje, in Herzegovina.

Peg became very active in service commitments to the parish, which included serving as President of the School Council. Years later, she would become active at Long Beach Community Hospital as a greeter in the emergency room and other duties. When she was 90, she was awarded Volunteer of the Year by the hospital for her extensive service.

Peg was blessed to have close relationships with family members on both sides of the family over the years. She stayed close to several friends, including Marianne Huttinger, Adabelle Burnette, Peggy and Sylvan (Sut) Sutter, Dottie Brajnakov, Betty Pierce, Lucy Sullivan, Bill and Wintress Berry, Bill and Betty Dowell, and Pat and Joe Kenny.

She has four grandchildren: Robyn and Matthew, whose parents are Paul and Sharon LeSage; and Anne and Brian, whose parents are Dennis and Ellen Guayante. She also has six great grand kids.

For the past several years, she lived at Brookdale Valley View assisted living in Garden Grove. She spent her time doing crossword puzzles, reading mystery novels, doing crafts, watching movies, and playing bingo and jango with friends. She also got to enjoy visits from friends and family.

She passed away on Thursday, August 29, 2019. That was five days after she celebrated her 101st birthday.

So that’s her history, but who was Peg LeSage?

She was, from the beginning, a person who cherished family and friends, loved to host gatherings of the same (which were seldom smaller than 15 or 20), and enjoyed travel anywhere. She liked to be in the middle of things surrounded by bustle and knowing everything that was going on.

She never met a stranger. Very early in any conversation with someone she hadn’t met before, and this could be someone she was standing next to on the street, a store clerk, or a police officer, she would ask where they were from and what high school they attended. With her vast catalogue of family and friends, she rarely failed to find common ground.

She had several dishes she did well, especially for large groups. But when it was just her and us kids, her cooking was imaginative and inventive. Being a child of the depression, she rarely threw anything, especially food, away. Her renditions of leftovers and stale chips into soups and casseroles are spoken of to this day. Her refrigerators, with their anonymous and unknowable contents, were ever the source of adventure (as in “I dare you to reach into the back of that drawer”).

She was the heart of the family. She will be missed very much.

Sunday, August 4, 2019

The mysterious vanishing of Americans 40 to 60 — and why we were named Generation X

What does Billy Idol have to do with my generation, besides delivering a few rock anthems for the 1980s?

For people born between 1961 and 1980, the name Generation X, or Gen X, was given to us years ago by the experts. It seems to have come from writings analyzing social trends, including a 1965 book called Generation X, which focused on popular youth culture in Great Britain. Douglas Coupland wrote a bestselling book called Generation X: Tales for an Accelerated Culture that came out in 1991. Coupland had given credit to his book’s title to Billy Idol’s late-1970s punk rock band, Generation X.

The next time you go out and about, take a 365-degree look around you. Millennials (ages 23 to 38 during this year) and GenZers (ages 7 to 22) are out doing things in vast numbers, with Millennials nearly as big in population as Baby Boomers — and GenZers following right behind.

But what’s happening to my peers in Generation X? We’re there, but in smaller numbers; and many of us are somewhere else — such as working long hours.

The birth numbers went down quite a bit starting in the early ‘60s after more than a decade of historic growth, according to birth records. My brother and sister, both born during the Baby Boomer days, had about twice as many students in their elementary school as I saw when I attended the same school in the 1970s. Me and my peers filled desks in one classroom, while theirs crowded into two classrooms.

For those of us born after 1960, coming of age had all the elements our parents and their parents had experienced — transforming from childhood and adolescence to adulthood with all its hormonal intensity and drama. But for us Gen Xers, it was taken up a couple of notches.

What do I mean by that? Well for one thing, being divorced is much more common for those of us in our late 40s through our 50s than it was for our parents — and even for our older relatives who rode the first wave of the Baby Boomer generation.

Many of us have tried drugs, and some of us fell into the dark abyss of addiction to alcohol and other substances.

We talk openly to each other about topics that were taboo not long ago — being gay, lesbian, bisexual, and, more recently, transexual; being on medications for depression, anxiety, and other psychological conditions; marriages crossing over lines in race, ethnicity, nationality, and religion; and leaving behind the politics, religious beliefs, and social rules of order that our families had taught us about. Sure, the hippies and activists started it, but we were out in the trenches living it — whether we liked it or not.

We took on a philosophy leaning toward cynicism, skepticism, and sarcasm. I like to think we were becoming pragmatists, but some had become nihilists. The world could be a dark and ugly place, as far as we were concerned, with depression and helplessness sneaking in. The glory of the post-war years and landing on the moon had gone to the sidelines.

On the positive side of the experience, people my age have been privy to a few benefits. These include searching for meaning and purpose in our work and overall lives; we’ve also been given a lot of freedom to make our own choices in life.

And we had a lot of fun. Girls just want to have fun, and boys had their share of it, too.

When I reached my mid-40s, I started noticing that some of my peers were disappearing. They were isolating quite a bit. I had done some of it, too, but doing that much of it would drive me nuts. I needed to get out more and connect with others; but for some, isolation was becoming the new norm.

So where did my generation go? Many of them work most of the time, sometimes putting in way too many hours. They might be self-employed working from home and on the phone all the time; or camped out at a Starbucks freelancing and putting in hours serving a mobile app firm like Uber, Lyft, Postmates, DoorDash, or Instacart.

Many of us have found our economy to be changing quite a lot, with less full-time jobs with benefits and more work being sent to independent contractors. We need the money, so we work as Uber drivers, and freelance writers, and project workers, and get some of our work through temp placement agencies.

There’s also those of us Gen Xers looking to transfer over to a new occupation, which I’m in the process of doing. It means going back to school and training, and competing with much younger workers to start up in the field. If you get the job, there’s always the challenge of relating in the office and at lunch to topics of discussion that may be quite different for you in your 50s than for those in their 20s and 30s.

One thing I’ve found out in my class and in job interviews — don’t make a big deal out of the age differential. We may have more of an issue with it than younger folk.

Quite a few women in Gen X had their kids later — maybe in their 30s, compared to our parents who were having kids in their 20s and sometimes younger. That means parents could be in their late 40s or 50s, and have teenagers wanting to party and go on vacation to Europe or somewhere else expensive. Raising kids and making sure they can leave home and have lives of their own costs quite a bit these days.

We’re also staying at home a lot and watching Netflix, or Amazon’s Prime Video, HBO, or a DVD or Blu-ray — something that can turn into “binge watching;” or we might surf the web to read the news and the latest on special interests and topics; or to play a game such as online poker. There’s always accessible and free porn video, which can become quite a problem for some.

It may sound depressing. But it’s helpful to get a snapshot of what shaped the world views and life choices of people like me.

Pivotal events for those of us who came of age in the 1970s and 1980s:

  • Marriages and families unravelling — parents getting divorced, and uncles and aunts. It was the first time ever for divorce to be so accessible, after new laws loosened up the old rules. It became a traumatic event for their children in a lot of instances. It later started becoming the norm for us to go through our own divorces, with kids facing real challenges in spending time with both parents.
  • There was lots of marijuana available, and alcohol was plentiful at parties. Some people went off into the nether regions with cocaine and other hard drugs, and it got ugly. 
  • Watergate, the OPEC oil embargoes, and the end of the Vietnam War all took place in the 1970s. The glory days of World War II and the economic boom of the ‘50s were coming to an end.
  • Sex started happening at an earlier age, but was severely threatened by the STD crisis in the ‘80s and beyond — AIDS, genital herpes, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis. Then there was the question of birth control and who should be responsible for it.
  • TV news became disturbing. Along with vivid color footage of casualties in the Vietnam War, there was the scary Manson family on trial for multiple murders. A few years later in 1978, more than 900 people died one day in a mass suicide-murder in Jonestown, Guyana, with most all of them being loyal followers of Rev. Jim Jones. 
  • Serial killers became well known such as the Zodiac Killer, Ted Bundy, Son of Sam, the Freeway Killer, and Richard Ramirez. 
  • Attempted and actual assassinations became common. Shooters like Sara Jane Moore and Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme (who’d been a member of the Manson family) attempted to take out President Gerald Ford. John Lennon was shot and killed by Mark David Chapman. President Ronald Reagan was hit by John Hinckley, Jr., soon before Pope John Paul II was shot by Mehmet Ali Ağca. All of this took place just a few years after the pivotal assassinations of JFK and RFK, Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr., and Malcolm X, in the 1960s.
  • Careers started changing quite a bit. We started seeing that we wouldn’t be working for one employer 35 years, then retiring and doing a lot of bucket-list things like traveling overseas to see the Great Wall of China. We’d be jumping from job to job.
  • A new wave of riveting, shocking, and popular horror films came out, from low budget (“The Texas Chainsaw Massacre” and “Dawn of the Dead”) to big budget (“The Exorcist” and “The Omen”). These movies represented the mood of the time.
  • Some of us were enthralled to watch “Helter Skelter,” a 1976 two-part TV movie based on the book by Vincent Bugliosi, the lead prosecutor in the surrealistic criminal trial. The actor who played Charles Manson was haunting to watch, and his career never recovered from it.
  • The role of women in the workplace and in the family was changing. Some of that came from the feminist movement that took off in the ‘70s, and that had been fueled for years by women going into the workplace — from Rosie the Riveter to years later with women going into academics, medicine, law, engineering, and other tough, competitive fields. It’s getting a little bit more equalized in the workplace, but it still has a ways to go.
  • Along with feminists, the ideals of other activist groups from the ‘60s and ‘70s continue to this day — based on equality in race, gender, orientation, and religious beliefs. These issues have become sources of heated debate and conflict just like they were a few years ago. It all started with the civil rights movement in the ‘50s and ‘60s. But it’s taking place these days in a very polarized and tense political system, long before Trump took over the White House.
  • A darkly humorous statement became popular in the ‘70s: “Just because you’re paranoid, it doesn’t mean they’re not out to get you.” That was during a time when conspiracy theories were becoming common; and news reports gave some credence to paranoia — whether that be about the FBI tracking and harassing John Lennon and his left-wing politics in the early ‘70s, or the CIA being entangled in a plot to assassinate Fidel Castro, or some other embarrassing news for the country. 
  • The Francis Ford Coppola-directed film from 1974, “The Conversation,” set the stage appropriately. In the film, Gene Hackman plays a skilled wiretapper, Harry Caul, who comes to realize that a murder was committed during one of the tapings he’d done. Then he gets wiretapped. The film ends with him tearing up his apartment, including prying the floor boarding with a hammer and chisel looking for microphones; and then finally sitting there in the wreckage playing his saxophone, after he’d gone completely over the edge.

Being cynical and skeptical became our ethos. TV shows like Monty Python, Saturday Night Live, and Second City TV became our relief valve and shaped our perceptions of where humor, satire, and commentary could be going. Mad Magazine was big and later, National Lampoon was a must-read that led to a series of popular movies. The first of them, Animal House, became a movie that many of us males watched a dozen times on video.

You could make fun of anything, and the unspoken rules of the game were coming to an end.

The music helped quite a lot, too — from the early days of metal with Black Sabbath, and the creation of punk rock by Iggy Pop and the Stooges that was taken to a new level by the Sex Pistols, and soul music transforming into funk, R&B, and hip hop. There was some great music to listen to on AM and FM radio, but it all eventually split off into separate segments by the late 1980s that didn’t cross over as well as it had in the ‘60s and ‘70s.

Billy Idol was very sharp about tapping into the punk image, and wrapping it around rocks singles with hooks — and some cool videos to back it.

Everything was changing, and we were feeling it; or sometimes not feeling it with lots of alcohol, drugs, sex, TV, fast food, and eventually living most of our lives at work. Change was continuing, but it was too much, too soon.

Over the past couple of years, I’ve had to face the fact that I really am older than young people are today. I had a little bit of it when hitting age 40, but it wasn’t that much different than being 35. But getting into my late 40s and 50s, the game started changing.

That included getting my first colonoscopy at age 50 — something I used to think I’d never do.; or at least didn’t want to deal with until later. Now I’m grateful I had it done and got through it. I’ve started to accept the fact that I am aging and actually will die someday. Not long ago, that seemed to be something like science fiction — it had nothing to do with my reality. That all changed not long ago.

A while back, I’d gotten used to having people assume I’m older than I actually am (now in my mid-50s). I started going gray in my late 30s, which is the norm in my family. I’m regularly called “sir” by a lot of young people, and “boss” by Latino males (the same as “jefe” in Spanish); although I have seen a couple of young men called “boss,” with both working in jobs that had some authority in the matter.

I suppose I should feel honored by the tributes, but mostly I feel old; especially when I’m the only person around my age in a place packed by people in their 20s and 30s.

Some people my age, and others through their 60s and 70s, don’t like to talk about aging. They don’t want to identify themselves that way (“Don’t call me old!”), and have done quite a lot to restore their youthfulness. It seems to have a lot to do with celebrities looking much younger than they are, but not just the usual celebrities. Business leaders, local politicians, car dealers, and real estate top sellers, stay looking youthful as well. It does require that a lot of expensive work needs to be done, and sometimes it can take away the distinct features of that person’s face and identity.

You may notice a few truly older people out there. There might be 80-plus year olds out grocery shopping or going to church and brunch, but hardly any 40, 50, and 60 year olds, depending on where you’re looking.

A few years ago, I had a cousin visit my house after having moved away years earlier. He commented on how the street life in the neighborhood had completely changed from when were were kids. We used to chat with neighbors and get invited to a barbecue party over in their back yard. Children would be riding their three- and two-wheel bicycles down the street, racing and yelling. A couple of old timers might be sitting on a porch drinking beer, and complaining about the country going to hell in a hand basket. Then there might be a group of mothers standing in a driveway, trading information and gossip on the trouble their kids were getting into.

You don’t see that anymore when you drive through a neighborhood. It’s empty, except for the occasional delivery drop-off by UPS or Amazon; or the busy man or woman walking their dogs at a fast pace. Maybe a group of teenagers could be riding by on their bikes and laughing.

It’s nothing like it used to be. I suspect that 40-to-70 year olds are inside watching TV, talking on the phone, sifting through emails and texts, and doing online shopping for gifts, electronics, and groceries. Talking to their kids as they come home from school is happening for some. For others, maybe they’re not coming home at all or until much later — out on a business trip or working late.

Some of us are feeling the effects of aging in knee and ankle injuries, or finding out we’re pre-diabetic. Or we’re trying out new meds to deal with depression.

I know I’m getting older when I’m shocked to find out one of the youngsters I know is 35 years old. What? She looks like a college student.

I was also shocked to find out that one young man who looked like he’s about 28 is now 40 and the father of two little girls. What?

About three years ago, I put in a lot of hours driving for Uber and Lyft. That’s where I first started noticing distinct generational differences. Young riders certainly had a lot more tattoos than people my age, and were much more open to trying out new mobile apps and social media; and they talked from my backseat about a lot of things I had no clue as to what they were talking about, like an anime TV series from Japan, or new dating apps with names that were hard to remember.

They also had a lot of connectivity with their smartphones, and had much to tell their partner, friend, or co-worker about their peer network. It went beyond lightweight gossip and storytelling. I heard a lot of analysis and criticism about their social networks, but I was certainly impressed by how many people they were staying in regular contact with — and some of the insights they had to share.

But in the end, I found out that they’re a lot like us middle-aged Americans; and those approaching old age. Age doesn’t really matter as much as being human, dealing with the classic issues that have been around for quite a long time.

We’re driven by core survival needs, and when that’s stabilized, by going to the next level. That means finding meaning in life; work we can enjoy much of the time and find some value in beyond paying bills; spending time with loved ones; traveling to places we’d always dreamed of going to; and pondering what happens after we die.

We’re all striving to fulfill many of the same core, deep spiritual needs and desires.

You may have some questions about the lifestyle. For those of you fast approaching middle age, here are a few experiences to look forward to:

  • You’ll go to a doctor appointment and wonder why this college student is in the room to see you. A medical student observing for a class assignment? Nope, it’s the doctor you’re there to see!
  • You’ll be insulted to find out you can join the American Association of Retired Persons at age 50. What?
  • You’ll be watching a movie or TV show and see an actor on the screen who used to be very hip, slick, and cool years ago. Now he’s playing somebody’s grandfather!
  • You don’t really want to hear that the Apollo 11 moon landing was 50 years ago. Yes, 50 years ago!
  • You’ve got to face a very tough decision. Do I dye my hair or go gray? Well, George Clooney, Richard Gere, Helen Mirren, and Jamie Lee Curtis certainly look good; yet so do many other celebrities who’ve had some very good work done on their hair, skin, makeup, jewlery, and outfits. They don’t look a day over 39!
  • You remember things that young people will laugh about — 45 and 33 RPM records; pet rocks; telephone numbers with a word prefix (Davis 4); eight-track tapes that sometimes got swallowed into the tape player; green stamps and huge department store catalogues; and 35-cent per gallon gasoline.

Not that many years ago, we Gen Xers had a lot of fun. While it was an intense time of change, we also did our share of partying in the 1980s. That had to be reined in when we started seeing some of our peers die young or ruin their lives. 

All of the generations are impacted by living through an intense time of change — robotics will be taking many jobs and fixing the machines will be high-paying jobs that require a lot of technical know-how. You can do just about anything you can think of on your smartphone, including becoming very distracted and getting hit by a car crossing the street while lost in endless texting.

Many other changes are in store in how we get around, make a living, communicate with loved ones, and live a meaningful life.

We Gen Xers are facing aging and the fact that we’ll die someday. The days of youth and living forever are officially over. Now I know why old-timers like our grandparents told us to make the most of each and every day.



Saturday, May 18, 2019

My take on Best Of music rankings and lists that may perplex you

Do you get a kick out of reading music’s top 10 and “best of” lists each year? I always have, and sometimes I’ve strongly disagreed with which album or song had been named the best of the year. So I’ve put together a few write-ups and lists that may surprise you, or get you wondering why I’d even make a list on that topic. Hey, I love making lists!

They are in no particular order, and you may wonder why it goes from best new artists and songs to my favorite recording by post-Beatles Beatles gone solo, and other strange lists — such as my favorite country rock songs, and defining high school songs for me and my classmates. And while it may seem overly lengthy, this post consolidates pieces that I’d been tapping away at over the past half year or so. Some of them are merely lists, but I do love making lists!

Pop star of the day has tied the Beatles for three top hits in a row
Ariana Grande, turning 26 in June, has officially become a superstar with the most top hit singles
since the Beatles. In February, the techno-dance hip hop diva took Billboard’s top three singles with “7 Rings,” "Break Up With Your Girlfriend, I'm Bored,” and "Thank U, Next.” That was nearly 55 years after the Beatles held the top three with “Can't Buy Me Love," "Twist and Shout," and "Do You Want to Know a Secret.”

She’s not the only young pop music icon star of the day. That list would also need to include Drake, Camila Cabello, Shawn Mendes, Kendrick Lamar, Post Malone, Cardi B, Ed Sheeran, and a few others. But she’s risen to a level that isn’t reached very often. Another piece of evidence that Grande is a superstar — getting paid $8 million to be the main act at this year’s Coachella Music Festival. Legendary singer Beyonce Knowles is said to have been paid $4 million last year to headline the Coachella festival.

How did she get here? The former TV star broke into singing in the mid-2010s to follow in the footsteps of mentors like Mariah Carey and Whitney Houston, able to belt out her own emotional ballads with a falsetto voice. At first, Grande’s voice can sound a bit glossed over using the typical engineering style of pop music vocal recordings these days. But then it grows on you, and her voice quickly becomes immediately recognizable.

Critical acclaim is there for her, too. ”Thank U, Next” made Top 5 best song rankings for 2018 from Billboard and NPR. “God is a Woman” made Entertainment Weekly’s #8 for best songs; and her album “Sweetener” made #5 on Rolling Stone’s best albums of 2018. Winning a long list of awards, including a Grammy, has helped build her name in the music scene.

Comparisons to other diva superstars like Beyonce and Rihanna are obvious. But there are other influences such as Carey, Houston, Gwen Stefani, Lady Gaga, Madonna, and Toni Braxton. She has a similar level of charisma and star power that combine her singing talent with stage performance.

Speaking of Stefani, her 2004 “Rich Girl” hit was a redo of the song “If I Were a Rich Man,” from the classic musical, “Fiddler on the Roof.” Listen to Grande’s “7 Rings,” a revamp that comes from “My Favorite Things” on the “Sound of Music” soundtrack. She’s clearly been influenced by these performers, who’ve been able to cut their own paths through the pressure cooker of the music industry by sharing their own eccentricity, humor, talent, and personal style. Lots of well produced and entertaining videos help, too, as if she’d just starred in a short movie.

My favorite radio songs of the 2000s
(in no particular order)
“1901” — Phoenix — 2009
“It’s Time” — Imagine Dragons — 2012
“Dare” — Gorillaz — 2005
“Rock Your Body” — Justin Timberlake — 2002
“Soul Meets Body” — Death Cab for Cutie — 2005
“Walk” — Foo Fighters — 2011
“Firework” — Katy Perry — 2010
“Sirens” — Pearl Jam — 2013
“Dog Days Are Over” — Florence + the Machine — 2009
“Holiday” — Vampire Weekend — 2010
“The Joke” — Brandi Carlile — 2017
“Use Somebody” — Kings of Leon — 2008
“Boulevard of Broken Dreams” — Green Day — 2004
“Don’t Know Why” — Nora Jones — 2002
“Beautiful Day” — U2 — 2000
“Umbrella” — Rihanna feat. Jay-Z — 2007
“Hey Ya!” — Outkast — 2003
“Lose Yourself — Eminem — 2002
“Someone Like You” — Adele — 2011
“Born This Way” — Lady Gaga — 2011
“Get Lucky” — Daft Punk — 2013
“Happy” — Pharrell Williams — 2013
“Gold Digger — Kanye West feat. Jamie Foxx — 2005
“Crazy” — Gnarls Barkley — 2006
“99 Problems” — Jay-Z — 2004
“Crazy in Love” — Beyonce feat. Jay-Z — 2003

Unexpected and great rock anthems
“We Will Rock You” is likely what comes to mind when you first hear the topic of rock anthems brought up. Queen’s 1977 mega-hit, which was fused together by radio stations with its B-side “We Are The Champions,” quickly became the anthem of high school cheerleaders, beer-keg parties, and teenagers driving fast with radios blasting and windows open.

There are several other hits that many would consider classic rock anthems, but I’d like to take this theme in a different direction. What about anthems written around classic American themes like overcoming the odds, making it through tough times, and standing up for what you believe in? What would that list of songs look like?

I’ve got a list of songs that over the years helped me through tough times; and that can still make a difference. Life can be tough, no doubt, so finding inspiration and singing along can make for a better day. These are not hurrah marching songs, or something you’ll hear at weddings or on classic rock stations. They delve into some of the pain and struggle of life, and keeping hope alive during dark times.

Here’s a list of songs I love to hear, and a slice of their lyrics.

“Badlands” — Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band
Springsteen is well known for other anthems like “Born to Run” and “Glory Days,” but this song is one I’m even more fond of. It’s the opening track on the 1978 album, “Darkness on the Edge of Town,” and begins with the E Street Band at their most powerful, with a great piano and guitar riff and dynamic drumming. It’s not a feel-good song, and it goes deep into the themes and messages that have defined his life-long songwriting about overcoming barriers and rising up.

Here’s a passage that stands out:

“Talk about a dream
Try to make it real
You wake up in the night
With a fear so real
Spend your life waiting
For a moment that just don't come
Well don't waste your time waiting

Badlands, you gotta live it every day
Let the broken hearts stand
As the price you've gotta pay
We'll keep pushin' till it's understood
And these badlands start treating us good”

“Everything Now” — Arcade Fire
This was the first big hit by the Canadian indie rock band that put out its first album in 2004. "Everything Now" made it to No. 1 on a Billboard chart and was the first single released from the album of the same name in 2017. Produced by Arcade Fire along with Daft Punk’s Thomas Bangalter and Pulp bassist Steve Mackey, it’s got a strong, melodic opening ripe for the dance floor and outside the band’s solemn sound on its first albums.

The lyrics nearly clash with the song’s cheerful melody led by a piano and backed by a thumping beat that could inspire a chorus of stage dancers. The lyrics cast an ominous glow, depicting a culture overtaken by information overload filling up “every inch of space in your head” with a lack of authenticity.

Lead singer Win Butler had this to say:

“Every inch of road's got a sign
And every boy uses the same line
I pledge allegiance to everything now
Every song that I've ever heard
Is playing at the same time, it's absurd
And it reminds me, we've got everything now
We turn the speakers up till they break
'Cause every time you smile it's a fake!”

“I Still Believe” — The Call
The Call was one of the best and least recognized bands of the 1980s, overshadowed on alternative, post-punk stations by the Replacements, REM, Husker Du, U2, and others. “The Walls Came Down,” was an anthem on these FM stations, and rock fans heard several more including “Everywhere I Go” and “Let the Day Begin.”

In 1986, the band had an FM radio hit that became an anthem for young people concerned about the culture of the day. That included the conservative Reagan administration, lifestyles of the rich and famous, the Yuppie career path in preppy outfits, and casualties in the cocaine- and alcohol-driven dance clubs and party lifestyle.

For music fans who wanted to support another path, the song presents a stark landscape for those seeking meaning and purpose and looking for the light — and its resonates in ‘80s synth-pop through electronic keyboards and guitars.

“But I still believe.
I still believe.
Through the shame,
And through the grief.
Through the heartache,
Through the tears,
Through the waiting,
Through the years

For people like us,
In places like this
We need all the hope,
That we can get,
Oh, I still believe!”

“Refugee” — Tom Petty & The Heartbreakers
Tom Petty’s death in October 2017 was shocking for many of us. He seemed like someone who would never really go away, with his music being deeply embedded into American radio. When was the last time you’ve heard, “Free Fallin’,” “American Girl,” or “Mary Jane’s Last Dance”?

And what about “Refugee?” That song was prominent on the great 1979 album from Tom Petty & the Heartbreakers, titled “Damn the Torpedoes.” You’ve probably heard “Even the Losers,” “Don’t Do Me Like That,” “Here Comes My Girl,” and “Century City”. Yes, it was a great album, and it all began with a great song on side one, “Refugee”.

“Refugee” was performed by great musicians who played perfectly together. You’ll hear Benmont Tench soaring on the organ, Mike Campbell’s powerful lead guitar, rhythm carried by Stan Lynch on drums and Ron Blair on bass, and Petty on rhythm guitar and lead vocals (with backing vocals from Tench and Lynch).  It was co-written by Petty and Campbell.

“You don’t have to live like a refugee,” Petty sang during a time when he battled with ABC Records for trying to sell the band’s contract to MCA Records without the band knowing about it. It was also written during a time when international news coverage regularly included stories about refugees fleeing their countries to save their lives; such as the Vietnamese “boat people” taking great risks to leave their country and which was still transpiring when the album was released.

Was this song about a relationship Petty was in? Who knows, but it was about rising up beyond struggles and desperation. It sends out the age-old message of fighting for freedom.

“Somewhere, somehow, somebody
Must have kicked you around some
Who knows, maybe you were kidnapped
Tied up, taken away, and held for ransom
Honey, it don't really matter to me, baby
Everybody's had to fight to be free”

“Stand!” — Sly and the Family Stone
Sly and the Family Stone represented both the brightest and darkest moments of late-1960s and early-1970s American youth culture and social change. The band produced a series of great hit singles starting in 1968 that embodied the adventure, self actualization, and social statements of that era. They were the first hit-hit-making band that was racially integrated and led by men and women. It wouldn’t last very long, with drug problems and internal clashes destroying the band by 1975.

But when they made records together, they were great. They made you want to dance and sing along. Their “psychedelic soul” had a huge influence on funk, pop, soul, R&B, and hip hop music. You can hear it songs by Michael Jackson, Stevie Wonder, Prince, the Red Hot Chili Peppers, and many other artists.

One of my favorites is the anthem “Stand!” It all starts out with a drum roll and the singers belting out “Stand” as the chorus in between stanzas sung mostly by Sly Stone.  It does have an unusual twist, shifting over to a gospel break for its final 45 seconds. It calls for listens to stand up for themselves, their communities, and what they really believe in.

“They will try to make you crawl
And they know what you're saying makes sense and all
Stand!
Don't you know that you are free
Well at least in your mind if you want to be
Everybody
Stand! Stand!”

“American Tune” — Paul Simon
For those of you wanting to hear an inspiring, uplifting anthem, you’d better find something different than this one. Let’s start with a passage from the lyrics……..

“And I don't know a soul who's not been battered
I don't have a friend who feels at ease
I don't know a dream that's not been shattered
or driven to its knees
But it's all right, it's all right
We've lived so well so long
Still, when I think of the road
we're traveling on
I wonder what went wrong
I can't help it, I wonder what went wrong”

I had a friend riding in my car with me a few years ago and I played him this song. He asked me to play it again right after. It struck a chord — not something to dance to, but we could very much understand what he was talking about.

The song’s title had something to do with Simon’s experience being an American in the early 1970s. The country had been undergoing historic change. Although it was cool and hip for rock stars, they like everybody else, were living through a tumultuous period of change, writing a new chapter in our history. Simon and everybody else had to live through it. He had this to say about it:

“We come on the ship they call the Mayflower
We come on the ship that sailed the moon
We come in the age's most uncertain hour
and sing an American tune
But it's all right, it's all right
You can't be forever blessed
Still, tomorrow's going to be another working day
And I'm trying to get some rest
That's all I'm trying to get some rest”

“Chicago” — Sufjan Stevens
The song is as grand and shimmering as the Arcade Fire’s “Everything Now”; at least the album version of Steven’s song is, on his Illinoise album. He’s been getting some Pandora radio play from a softer, more acoustic version. I’ll take the grand and shimmering version with the backup choral singers.

Stevens is a singer-songwriter and multi-instrumentalist known for creating his own style and sound. He gained wide recognition for his previously mentioned album, which hit number one on the Billboard Top Heatseekers chart (that tracks up and coming musicians), and for the single "Chicago" from that album.

In the song, Sufjan and his friend go for a road trip, where his inner world is disrupted by reality. It was time to let it go, to be born again. Here’s a little bit of his song……

“I was in love with the place
In my mind, in my mind
I made a lot of mistakes
In my mind, in my mind

You came to take us
All things go, all things go
To recreate us
All things grow, all things grow”

Top 10 songs by former members of the Beatles
“Junior's Farm,” and “Jet” by Paul McCartney & Wings — McCartney has been condemned for schmaltzing up the Beatles, and later the Wings, too much with love ballads (think “Yesterday”), but he and the Wings could really rock. That included his then-wife Linda McCartney, who co-wrote “Junior’s Farm” with Paul, year’s before her tragic death by cancer. The musicianship and recording production is very tight on the songs released in 1974 and 1973, respectively. While great production was something George Martin was credited for with the Beatles, McCartney had a lot to do with it on the Sergeant Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band and Abbey Road albums; and you can hear more of it on these two recordings.

“Mother” by John Lennon — This was released on his 1970 solo album Plastic One Band, and came out of therapy he’d done about his childhood trauma. It’s brutal and it well represents Lennon’s authentic experience as an artist; and his abandonment as a child by a father who left when he was an infant and his mother who was hit and killed by a drunk driver when he was 17. The song starts with a funeral bell tolling slowly four times and plays with simple and stark musicianship. The song ends with Lennon singing "Mama don't go, daddy come home,” and then screeching the words and screaming as the song fades out.

“Give Me Love (Give Me Peace on Earth)” — George Harrison — This song does a good job of summing up Harrison’s spiritual journey that started while still in the Beatles. Released as the opening track of his 1973 album Living in the Material World, it became Harrison's second US number 1, after "My Sweet Lord.” This was during the time in his life he’d dedicated himself to assisting refugees from Bangladesh, leading two all-star benefit concerts in 1971 and 1972. You can hear the grief and sadness in his voice.

“It Don’t Come Easy” — Ringo Starr — This 1971 hit was one of several by Starr; this one was credited to him but had been written by Starr and Harrison. It’s a good one for Starr (Richard Starkey) whose parents had split up when he was four, and he never saw much of his father after that. His mother worked as a cleaning woman and then a barmaid to support them. “Got to pay your dues if you wanna sing the blues.
And you know it don't come easy,” he sings.

“Live and Let Die” — Paul McCartney & Wings. I suspect this soundtrack tune for the James Bond movie didn’t go well with other ex-Beatles, especially John Lennon. But it sticks with you, enough for Guns N’ Roses to have done a cover version. It taps into the grandiose orchestral sound of other Bond anthems, but it just has that hook that reels you in. It’s thought to have changed the game for Bond movie title tracks, with rock artists like Duran Duran, Chris Cornell, Madonna, and Sheryl Crow later doing recordings.

And four more…….
“Blow Away” — George Harrison — 1979
“Instant Karma”  — John Lennon — 1970
“Another Day” — Paul McCartney — 1971
“Watching the Wheels” — John Lennon — 1980

Songs to burn onto your playlist for a really good long drive:
(Feel free to look them up on Youtube)
“Everybody’s Talkin’” — Harry Nilsson
“Well Alright” — Buddy Holly and the Crickets
“Witchita Lineman” — Glen Campbell
“Street Fightin’ Man” — Rolling Stones
“Sirens” — Pearl Jam
“Everybody is a Star” — Sly & the Family Stone
“Hey Jude” — The Beatles
“Waterloo Sunset” — the Kinks
“Tunnel of Love” — Bruce Springsteen & the E Street Band
“It’s All Over Now, Baby Blue” — Bob Dylan
“Talk of the Town” — the Pretenders
“Sunset People” — Donna Summer
“Wishing Well” — Terence Trent D’Arby
“Kiss” — Prince
“That’s Alright Mama” — Elvis Presley
“Walkin’ After Midnight” — Patsy Cline
“Boogie on Reggae Woman” — Stevie Wonder
“Ray of Light” — Madonna
“Jackie Wilson Said” — Van Morrison
“The Kids Are Alright” — The Who
“Blue Spark” — X
“Ole Man Trouble” — Otis Redding
“White Lines” — Grandmaster Flash
“Bring the Noise” — Public Enemy
“Time After Time” — Cindy Lauper
“The Pretender” — Jackson Browne
“Somebody To Love” — Queen
“Nobody’s Fault But Mine” — Led Zeppelin
“Help Me” — Joni Mitchell
“Someone Saved My Life Tonight” — Elton John
“Superman” — R.E.M.

Best Albums of the 1980s that you may not have heard
Artists United Against Apartheid — Sun City
REM — Murmur
The Replacements — Tim
Husker Du — Candy Apple Grey
David Lindley — Win This Record
Talking Heads — Speaking in Tongues
Richard and Linda Thompson — Shoot Out the Lights
X — Los Angeles
VU — Velvet Underground (recorded in the ‘60s and finally released by the ‘80s)
Public Enemy — Bring the Noise
Los Lobos — By the Light of the Moon
Nebraska — Bruce Springsteen
Prince albums, songs, and videos

My 12 favorite albums
Layla — Derek & The Dominos
Darkness on the Edge of Town — Bruce Springsteen & The E Street Band
Beggar’s Banquet — The Rolling Stones
Heat Treatment — Graham Parker and The Rumour
Bring the Family — John Hiatt
The Clash — The Clash (1977 — British version)
Tommy — The Who
Los Angeles — X
OK Computer — Radiohead
Blonde on Blonde — Bob Dylan
Revolver — The Beatles (British version)
The Doors — The Doors

My favorite country rock songs:
(in no particular order)
Johnny Cash — “Sunday Morning Coming Down”
Steve Earle — “Feel Alright”
Jimmie Dale Gilmore — “Where You Going”
Lyle Lovett — “If I Had a Boat”
The Flying Burrito Brothers — “Cody Cody,” and “Wheels”
Willie Nelson — “My Heroes Have Always Been Cowboys”
Linda Ronstadt — “Blue Bayou”
Dolly Parton — “Jolene”
Lucinda Williams — “Right in Time”
Hank Williams — “I’m So Lonesome I Could Cry”
Bob Dylan — “I’ll Be Your Baby Tonight”
Joe Ely — “She Never Spoke Spanish To Me”
Garth Brooks — “Rodeo”
Roseanne Cash — “Seven Year Ache”
Lynyrd Skynyrd — “You Got That Right”
The Byrds — “You Ain’t Goin’ Nowhere”

Defining high school songs for me and my classmates
“The Groove Line” — Heatwave
“My Sharona” — The Knack
“Cars” — Gary Numan
“How Deep Is Your Love” — Bee Gees
“We Will Rock You” and “We Are The Champions” — Queen
“Don’t Stop ‘Til You Get Enough” — Michael Jackson
“Pop Muzik” — M
“Bette Davis Eyes” — Kim Carnes
“Jessie’s Girl” — Rick Springfield
“Heart of Glass” — Blondie
“Come Sail Away” — Styx
“Back in Love Again” — LTD
“You Better Run” — Pink Floyd

Thursday, May 16, 2019

Ever heard of Green Auto Market?

For those of you interested in lively topics such as:

  • The latest on Elon Musk and his struggling company that makes possibly the best electric cars on roads, the Tesla series.
  • Lyft and Uber have gone public after revolutionizing the ride-hailing business, but failing to get people excited about buying their stock.
  • Greenhouse gas and C02 emissions are a big deal with governments around the world, including one where the Trump administration has been derailing what used to be the leading nation for electric vehicles and clean transportation.
  • What’s clicking with fleets and vehicle makers at ACT Expo and other big clean transportation/mobility conferences.
  • When, oh when, will autonomous vehicles go from road testing to becoming common on public roads?
  • Plus, a whole series of news briefs and analysis on alternative fuels, incentives, vehicle sales, government regs, capital investments, consumer attitudes about the technology, and more.

Written by blogger Jon LeSage, Green Auto Market covers other topics than rock music, pragmatic beliefs, near-death experiences, and what it’s like to be a rock music critic.
Just visit the website to review some of the recent and older issues, and to sign up for the free subscription email distribution list.
And don’t forget to sign up for announcements on new posts coming out on this blog — see the box to the right.

Wednesday, May 1, 2019

Why I’m a pragmatist, and why you’re one too

My favorite school of American philosophy, pragmatism, was based on what I see as a few simple questions: Does it work for me? Do I buy into it? What’s in it for me?

No matter what we’re passionately preaching about to our peers — politics, cool technology, religious and spiritual beliefs, societal trends, favorite artists and sports teams, or other interests, our opinions seem to be driven by something deep inside: our essential needs and wants. What do I really care about? How will it affect me and my loved ones? Is it more positive than negative?

Grand doctrines, or big ideas, essentially boil down to my first questions on what we’re likely to get out of accepting them. I’m suggesting we’re all driven by our core, deep self interests. It may be considered egocentric and self absorbed, but it usually drives positive, constructive action from me and my fellow humans.

Pragmatism was the dominant school of philosophy in the U.S. during the first quarter of the 20th century. It’s influence was seen in the fields of law, education, political and social theory, art, and religion. In essence, it was about changing old patterns of thinking and finding new and practical ways to achieve desires in life.

The intellectual movement, led by William James, John Dewey, and Charles Sanders Peirce, had papers and books published written in a tedious, academic style of the day. But in the end, it helped free thinkers set aside old, heavy, dark “truths” that got in the way of finding one’s authentic inner experience  and meaning — about what intuitively and deeply makes sense to each individual thinker.

The founders were not attempting to unravel prior schools of thought — concepts, language, religions, and science — but they contended these theories were best perceived and learned in terms of their practical uses and successes.

William James, brother of renowned novelist Henry James, was an American philosopher, psychologist, and educator who lived from 1842 until 1910. If you’d taken a philosophy class in college, you probably read some of James’ writings. Regardless of the social environment that you came from, you can exercise some control over your thinking and attitudes, he said.

“The greatest discovery of my generation is that a human being can alter his life by altering his attitudes,” James said.

And there were other telling quotes from James: “Pessimism leads to weakness, optimism to power…….. Acceptance of what has happened is the first step to overcoming the consequences of any misfortune.”

Pragmatism was a pivotal concept in the home I was raised in. My parents came from families led by alcoholic fathers, which could at times be turbulent and unpredictable. They’d also come of age during the Great Depression and became a couple during World War II. My father served in the European theater, while my mother worked and waited for him to come home to the Army Air Corp base in Greenville, S.C.

They’d survived tough times, and taught us to look for opportunities to keep our lives as stable and good as possible.

I have a few vivid memories showing me how pragmatic thinking can work, going way back to childhood.

As I finished the 6th grade, I got into a lot of trouble. Me and another boy had written obscenities in two girls’ yearbooks right before the last day of the school year, almost like graffiti on a wall. We got caught sneaking the yearbooks back to their desks, and had our mothers called about it.

For the girl whose yearbook I’d chosen to briefly kidnap for writing what I thought to be hilarious nasty words and insults, my parents wanted me to be accountable. My mother drove me to the girl’s house with a new and clean yearbook. I had to hand that restitution over to my classmate in front of her family, and apologize to her. It was quite humbling.

When we got home, I went to see my father, who was working in the garage. He listened and nodded his head as I told him about the humbling experience. While Mom had been upset with me, Dad was fairly calm and logical. He told me that it wasn’t a good idea to do what I’d done. What if, during college years, I’d wanted to ask that girl out on a date? But I’d ruined it at the end of 6th grade by spoiling her yearbook.

Yes, I told him, I understood. I began getting the subliminal message, “Don’t do stupid things.”

Another incident years later also stuck with me. My father was an engineer with the LA Fire Department. During many of his days off, he earned extra income working as a carpenter on home cabinet building and installation. He was charging homeowners more for his work than big construction contractors were doing at the time.

One housewife in Palos Verdes didn’t like Dad’s bid, after receiving a cheaper proposal from a competitor. But later she’d become quite frustrated with the large construction contractor’s poor quality of work, and fired the firm. She called Dad and said she wanted to work with him. He told her she’d have to go on his waiting list.

She reluctantly did that and had to wait nearly two years for him to come back, charge more than the big contractor, and complete the remodeling that they’d started.

As for my mother, a simple fact tells it all. On August 24, 2019, she’ll be turning 101 years old.

“Have you ever known anyone this old,” she asks me when I visit her.

“No, Mom,” I tell her, “I’ve never met anyone as old as you.”

We don’t really know how she made it this long, beyond basic genetic strengths. We do think it has something to do with her practicing what gerontologists recommend. She does have regular social contact with others, and in recent years that’s been housemates and staff at her assisted living home. And she reads mystery books and does the crossword puzzle daily. Getting good healthcare and nutrition also helps her.

It also seems to have something to do with her attitudes and habitual practices. We used to tease her for being a bit quirky, living in her own world. But it seems to help keep her going at 100 years old.

I’m continually searching for the Truth, the meaning of life, more than my parents seem to have done. What will happen to our mother after she dies? Where is our father now? Am I much like my mother and father? What have I inherited? What kind of world do we live in today? What will it look like for future generations?

In his book, Varieties of Religious Experience, James explored several ways people have discovered their understanding of spiritual and philosophical truths. While some have experienced sudden and fantastic spiritual experiences, James wrote that most people have their own personal experiences gradually over a period of time — what he called the “educational variety.”

Why do many of us search endlessly for philosophical truths, grappling with mysteries and difficult questions? I doubt our two cats are doing it, nor any of their fellows in the animal kingdom. But we humans tend to do quite a lot of grappling.

Our world can appear to be chaotic and amoral, with insanity run rampant in violence, abuse, manipulation, lies, thievery, and tragedy. Is there some real meaning and order to it?

There’s also some amazing beauty out there, and things of wonder. It reminds me of a famous passage from Charles Dickens’ book, A Tale of Two Cities: “These were the best of times and the worst of times.”

Pragmatism bring us hope. We must continue doing what we believe in, no matter what else may be going on in our world.

We don’t really know how it all turns out after we die. Some of us, me included, believe there are rewards in our universe for treating others and ourselves with respect, love, and dignity.

I think another psychologist and philosopher had a similar mindset on the subject matter as James. American psychologist and author Abraham Maslow wrote about our “hierarchy of needs,” with the premise that humans won’t be creating art and pondering philosophical truths if we’re fighting to stay alive.

If we have a roof over our heads, beans and tortillas on the table, and a safe neighborhood to live in, life gets better. Then we can spend more time on relationships, having fun, finding rewarding work, and pondering the meaning of life.

Maslow was a pragmatist. He understood that economics is the principal platform for stability, social order, and creating space for development of creativity and constructive thinking and action.

The three leading thinkers in the discipline of pragmatism defined the philosophy as action over doctrine and experience over fixed principals. I would agree with them — I see pragmatism and self interest explaining why things happen.

Let’s take a look at a few examples of how it can work:

What will nations do about a key demographic trend taking place around the world — young people moving to cities and away from suburbs, small towns, and farmland? Living in overpopulated, crowded cities with jammed roadways, air pollution, and increasing tensions over available housing, the high cost of living, and a growing number of homeless people out on the streets, are becoming the reality we’d been warned about years ago. They will surely become top-of-the-list issues for those running for governor, senator, prime minister, president, and other seats.

Southern California, including my hometown of Long Beach, has seen its numbers grow and many times from people who’d been born and raised in another country. The southland is a focal point for political battles on immigration coming from the White House, and which have been hot topics for years in Washington, Sacramento, and other state capitals. Some fear all of this will increase the crime rate and tensions in communities. Others see it as an example of what will be taking place around the world, and they hope for positive outcomes.

The world’s population is at 7.7 billion people as of April 2019, according to the most recent United Nations estimate. The last time I’d looked it up a few years ago, it was at 7.3 billion. What does overpopulation mean today?

Who’s going to suffer, and who’s going to benefit and bring solutions?

Of the three pragmatist leaders, John Dewey was a pragmatic educator, recognized for establishing his famous “Laboratory School” in 1896 to develop and test “progressive” methods of teaching. This was inspired much by his fascination with how education could enhance democracy.

What would Dewey say about the rapidly changing job market in the U.S. and other economies around the world? Robotics and automation are here, and will be displacing jobs in big waves over the next two decades — drivers, factory workers, parts makers, maintenance and repair workers, security, and who knows what else. What would pragmatists say about it?

I, for one, would like to see a lot more focus on this reality with pragmatic deployment of the necessary job training, systems management, safety standards, and leaders who can guide the path between old systems clashing with new systems during the transition periods. That would include human-driven vehicles sharing roads with autonomous vehicles. The robotic revolution is a very big deal in how we’ll be working (and not working), going from Point A to Point B, and where displaced workers will end up.

What about surviving horrific storms? Climate change or no climate change, there are lots of natural disasters occurring regularly, coming from intense, unusual weather conditions. Some call it climate disruption and it’s getting worse all the time — flooding, fires, tsunamis, hurricanes, and blizzards are occurring regularly, becoming quite dangerous and destructive.

So what’s the pragmatic side of the coin here? Those who can bring rapid and effective disaster response will do well, especially as the growing global population moves closer to coastlines and waterways in major metro areas. We don’t want to see thousands, maybe millions, of casualties. Best practices will have to be deployed, and as history shows, humans will commit to new technology and thinking when the death rate and cataclysm go high enough.

You might have some passionate arguments to make in favor of your political, economic, cultural, religious, and philosophical beliefs. Please share them, as we do live in a democracy with freedom of speech. But I would say to you, “What’s in it for you? What’s in it for me? Will it work?”

What’s the real story behind the arguments?

We’re all self interested, and that can really be a good thing. If we’re all working hard — struggling — for our own good and for the loved ones close in our lives, our outside opinions will be shaped by that inner drive.

Why make lofty claims that sound superior to other people’s take on the matter? We’re all looking out for what’s best for our own needs and wants. So let’s be honest about it — and find ways to talk about these questions, these big ideas, before they become worst-case scenarios.